Bruce Hayes vs. The Albatross and the 800 Relay Glory of 1984

Olivier Poirier-Leroy is a former national level swimmer based out of Victoria, BC. In feeding his passion for swimming, he has developed YourSwimBook, a powerful log book and goal setting guide made specifically for swimmers. Sign up for the YourSwimBook newsletter (free) and get weekly motivational tips by clicking here.

Although it was an Olympic Games marked with an asterisk because of a world divided, with the Soviet Union and countries under its influence boycotting – similar to how the West had crossed their arms and said “no thanks” for the Moscow Games in 1980, the Los Angeles Olympics were a bubbling cauldron of inspiring and moving moments of athletic achievement.

The pool in particular.

There was the first tie in Olympic swimming history, when Nancy Hogshead and Carie Steinseifer touched at the same time for gold in the 100m freestyle. Rowdy Gaines, who at the age of 25 was not expected to contend, winning 3 golds. And Alex Baumann of Canada, swimming on the heels of losing two members of his immediate family, winning both individual medley events in world record fashion.

Perhaps the most dramatic, the most breathtaking moment in the pool that week, came in the form of the men’s 4 x 200 freestyle relay. It had all the dramatics. A last moment, come-from-behind win. The David and Goliath battle between the most talented swimmer in the world and a middle distance swimmer 7 inches shorter. The too-close-to-call finish.

It had the perfect antagonist in Michael Gross, the Albatross, a blond, stern faced and steely eyed West German who up until that point in Los Angeles had been imposing his will, piling up world records and gold medals, running roughshod over the competition.

The current generation will never forget Jason Lezak and his Beijing heroics as one of the seminal moments of American swimming. That come from behind win, when the odds and predictions were completely stacked against him – even the indomitable Rowdy Gaines didn’t think it would happen, could happen, is something that will last in the collective swimming consciousness for a very long time.

24 years before Lezak dove into Chinese waters to win gold for the US – and preserve Michael Phelps attempt at 8 golds – it was Bruce Hayes, a 6’0” senior at UCLA, who would go head-to-head with the most dominant swimmer at the Los Angeles Games and somehow, some way, emerge victorious.


At 6’7”, with a freakish wingspan of well over 7 feet, Michael Gross had the swimming world on a string in the years leading up to the Los Angeles Olympics. With the name “Gross”, which in German translates to “large,” he was the first swimmer since Mark Spitz to hold world records in 4 different individual events.

His reserved nature, and general disdain of publicity, only lent themselves to the aura of invincibility and otherworldly speed and talent that Gross materialized so easily, so effortlessly.

His swimming in the year prior to the Olympics had been stunning. Dominating. At the European Championships in 1983 he’d shown what we’d now consider a Phelpsonian array of versatility, winning the 200 freestyle, 100-200 fly, and swimming the fastest relay leg ever in the 4×200 free relay, clocking a 1:47.21.

Over the first few days in Los Angeles his swimming had met and exceeded the expectations that come with being the most feared swimmer on the planet. He’d dominated the 200 freestyle. World record? Check. Snatched the 100m butterfly. World record? Check.

The 4×200 free relay was next.


The game plan for the Americans going into finals the night of July 30 was overwhelmingly simple.

For Mike Heath, David Larson, Jeff Float and Hayes the strategy was to get out in front and never look back. To get off lightning-quick and build a lead so insurmountable that not even The Albatross, who would be swimming the anchor leg for the West Germans, would be able to overcome it.

With just under 11,000 in attendance, Mike Heath stood up on the blocks under a cloudless sky in Southern California. Heath was the fastest American at the distance, having placed second in the individual event swimming a time that was almost two seconds slower than Gross’ gold medal winning 1:47.44.

Heath swam as advertised, blasting the Americans out to a healthy body-length lead, clocking a 1:48.67, improving on the time he swam in his individual race.

So far so good.

Next would be David Larson, who had at the age of 25 had waited an extra 4 years for his Olympic moment after the Moscow boycott. He picked up right where Heath left off, jumping out to an even bigger lead over the first 100m of his leg.

Over the second hundred Dirk Korthals would close the gap, narrowing the American lead to a single body length as Jeff Float and Alexander Schowtka took to the water.

The lead at half point was a body length. It was good, but not good enough. Everyone knew that to put down the Albatross would require a lead of at least a second and a half.

The third leg would play out identically to the second, with Float roaring on the front hundred, desperately trying to extend the lead, to give Hayes the cushion. A one body length lead became two.

Schowtka would real in Float a little bit, just the tiniest bit, approaching the wall.

On the blocks stood Hayes. And beside him, Michael Gross. All 6’7” of him.

Float crashed into the wall with a body and a half length lead. They’d planned on being ahead by more than a second and a half. Hayes would have to make do with even less than that.

Hayes takeover was cautious and safe, and as a result off the dive Gross had made up nearly a body length just on the take over. The long, relaxed Gross reeled in Hayes with ease over the first 50 metres.

Into the halfway mark Gross and Hayes were swimming nearly on the lane line, going head to head, looking at each other right into the turn. Off the wall the Albatross pulled out to a half body length lead. Looking effortless, relaxed and smooth. That loose, six-beat kick motoring him towards another gold medal. Another world record.

Into the 150m mark Gross pulled ahead. Swimming into the lead, taking control.

With 25 metres remaining, Hayes began to inch back. Stroke by stroke, inch by inch, Hayes improbably crawled back, until they were again neck and neck, face to face, stroke to stroke, barreling into the finish.

They hit the wall at the same time.

Hayes turned immediately to check the scoreboard. Gross already knew.

Hayes exploded into jubilant eruption, fists splashing in the water while Gross could only hang on the lane line.

Hayes had done the unthinkable and slayed the Albatross, who had swum the fastest 200m of freestyle in history at 1:46.89. The world record was left in tatters. The time of 7:15.69 was a full five seconds faster than the previous mark, and overnight the American men were celebrities.

The Los Angeles Herald Examiner’s front page the next morning had an image of the celebrating foursome, with a picture of a dejected Gross with the red circle and slash. Above, in all caps, read—“GROSS BUSTERS.”

For Gross, the aura of invincibility had been shattered. He would be upset by Jon Sieben of Australia in the 200 meter butterfly later that week, an event that he otherwise dominated from 1981-1988. Despite this, he would leave Los Angeles with a pair of golds, and a pair of silvers.

For the American men, for those precious few moments under the warm sun in Los Angeles, they were kings.

Race Video – the 1984 Olympic 4×200 Relay Final

About YourSwimBook

YourSwimBook is a log book and goal setting guide designed specifically for competitive swimmers. It includes a ten month log book, comprehensive goal setting section, monthly evaluations to be filled out with your coach, and more. Learn 8 more reasons why this tool kicks butt.

Join the YourSwimBook weekly newsletter group and get motivational tips and more straight to your inbox. Sign up for free here.

In This Story

Leave a Reply

Notify of
newest most voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
7 years ago

So beautiful to see how synchronicity works in life . For example , to see this article makes me smile deeply with joy ; 2 weeks ago , i checked on Yutube to find that famous 800 free relay of 1984 . Found it , watched that incredible relay battle between the Us and German teams .
Bruce Hayes really did pull a Lezak against M Gross on that final leg ; Gross was nearly unbeatable on 200 free at the time so that was a huge upset for Germany and a great breakthrough for Usa . With the relay of 2004 in Athens , this is what i feel the most incredible battle between 2 teams on 800… Read more »

DC Guy
7 years ago

Phenomenal race. It was fun to relive that great moment moment in swimming history but shouldn’t we really be saying that Lezak “pulled a Hayes”?

Reply to  DC Guy
7 years ago

that’s the right way to call it !!

Reply to  DC Guy
6 years ago

I would have to disagree since Lezak dove in BEHIND a world record holder, whereas Hayes had a sizeable lead going in. Lezak also recorded the fastest 100 free style split in history while doing so, Both still incredible swims.

7 years ago

Well, time-wise the Albatross WAS unbeaten: he swam 1 and a half second faster than Hayes, more or less. He perhaps went out too fast instead of swimming his race. Same mistake that Thorpe made, 20 years later, in the same race against Keller. Still, a great feat by Hayes.

Reply to  Luigi
7 years ago

In 2011 Duel in the Pool Berens didn’t succumb to that trap of trying too hard on the opening half. When down by so much in such a high pressure situation, I think it’s instinctive to break race strategy and go.

After all, if your strategy is usually “wait at the hip then burn the last 100,” then being a body length down will be foreign to you and you’d want to catch up immediately. However if Gross, Thorpe followed their strategies and swum long and strong, then let their normal back-halfs to the catching up, we might have some very different results. You see it in other sports too. I remember watching xc skiing in February and the… Read more »

Reply to  mcgillrocks
7 years ago

Yes, and a 19 yo Giorgio Lamberti split a very solid 1.47 in that race (2nd leg). He was a great swimmer but suffered the Olympic curse, swam great races between Olympics but not at the Olympics. I think his 1989 WR in the 200 free lasted 10 years and was beaten by no one else than the great Thorpe

Reply to  Luigi
7 years ago

Totally agree with how Giogio Lambertti among great swimmers suffered the olympics curse of having swum their best in between olympics cycle. The list is quite vast and include Franziska Van Almsick and Jessicah Schipper.

But it was not Thorpe who broke Lambertti’s iconic 1:46.69, it was actually Hackett who broke it in March 1999 leading a club relay in 1:46.67, although he lost to Thorpe who swam 1:46.70 in the same meet.

Few months later Thorpe destroyed the WR and took it to 1:46.00, all at 16 yo and in speedo briefs.

Reply to  aswimfan
7 years ago

You are absolutely right, Aswimfan. How could I forget. It was Hackett. Thanks for the correction.

7 years ago

Thanks for offering us this blast from the past! I remember the 1984 Olympics like it was yesterday, not 30 years ago. I guess, since we had all waited 8 years instead of 4, those Games had added significance and seemed like THE Olympic Games! The swimmers who competed will always be my personal heroes: Tracy Caulkins, Sippy Woodhead, Mary T, Steve Lundquist, Rowdy Gaines, Bruce Hayes, etc. When I travelled to LA later in life I made a pilgrimage of sorts to the pool where they all competed just to be in the place where they had made their magic!

7 years ago

Sometime in late 1994, I met Bruce Hayes at a Masters meet. I introduced himself and told him what I tell most of my swimmers: that was the ballsiest relay swim I’ve ever seen (no offense to Jason Lezak for sure). He autographed my heat sheet with the caption “Thanks for remembering 1984.” He’s definitely a stand-up guy. I still love watching that race… the only thing that might make it better would be Rowdy re-dubbing the race coverage (since he was still in the stands at the time).

Becky D
Reply to  Chris Colburn
7 years ago

Rowdy would probably have said that the only reason Hayes was able to catch up and pass was because he was breathing to the right.

Reply to  Becky D
7 years ago

I think one of the best things about Rowdy Gaines swimming in the 1984 Olympics (winning 3 golds!) was that he wasn’t up in the TV announcer’s booth providing color commentary!

Years of Plain Suck
Reply to  Roger von Oech
6 years ago

Amen, brother!

7 years ago

Great article and pic.. though the picture is from prelims not finals (a world record). That’s Geoff Gaberino and Rich Saeger not Jeff Flat and Mike Heath.

Andy Bertolet
7 years ago

Being twelve at the time, this was my miracle on ice. It changed everything in my swimming world. Grossbusters!

7 years ago

Jeff Float was about 75% deaf. He’s said that this race was the only time he ever heard the cheers of the crowd during a swim,

Reply to  beachmouse
7 years ago

I met Jeff at a party around 1986. I was aware that he had impaired hearing but he seemed to have no problems hearing me talk. I imagine he had hearing aids but more importantly, he was a very nice guy and had a great sense of humor. He could swim fast too!

7 years ago

What a great quote from the SI article:

“The Americans have so much time—ja?—that they sometimes waste it,” says Gross. “You can train for four hours a day and do nothing or you can train two hours a day very strong. That is more important, instead of only swimming meters and meters.”

Reply to  ChestRockwell
7 years ago

I have read that article and it is incredible how ar ahead of his time Gross was, re: quality training against yardage and so on. You would think this is a new trend, yet this guy was thinking like that back in the 80s.

Reply to  luigi
7 years ago

He was around the 1.47 something on the 200 free in 1984 !!! Damn fast for that time allready . How many in 2014 went 1.47 allready and regularly ?? Gross was very effective as i can remember it .

About Olivier Poirier-Leroy

Olivier Poirier-Leroy

Olivier Poirier-Leroy has been involved in competitive swimming for most of his life. Starting off at the age of 6 he was thrown in the water at the local pool for swim lessons and since then has never wanted to get out. A nationally top ranked age grouper as both a …

Read More »