According to USADA (the United States Anti-Doping Agency), Dwyer tested positive for an anabolic agent in three different out-of-competition tests on November 15, November 27 and December 20, 2018. The 20-month (one year and eight months) suspension is backdated to December 21 and will not expire until August 20, 2020.
That will keep the 30-year-old Dwyer ineligible for the United States Olympic Team, which he made in both 2012 and 2016. Dwyer won gold medals at both Olympics as a member of the men’s 4×200 free relay, and took a bronze medal individually in 2016 in the 200 free. He’s also won 7 long course World Championships medals, three of them gold.
The suspension also explains Dwyer’s late departure from the U.S. World Championships roster this past summer. All of Dwyer’s results after November 15 have been officially disqualified, though Dwyer doesn’t appear to have logged a swim in that time. His last results on USA Swimming’s database are from Pan Pacs in August of 2018.
You can read the full case document here. FINA performed the first test on Nov. 15 and USADA tested him on both the Nov. 27 and Dec. 20 dates. Dwyer appealed the case to a three-member panel with the American Arbitration Association (AAA), and that panel handed down the 20-month suspension today.
USADA says the urine samples were analyzed using a specialized test that differentiates between substances produced by the body naturally and similar substances “of external origin.” Dwyer tested positive for the latter.
According to the document, Dwyer says he had BioTE pellets surgically implanted in his body in a procedure on October 12, 2018. Dwyer says he did not know the procedure was against anti-doping rules, nor that the pellets were testosterone. He says he didn’t undergo the procedure out of concern for his swimming performances, but his “overall mental health and well-being,” citing issues such as “brain fog, low mental and physical energy, difficulty sleeping, depression and anxiety” for many months leading up to the 2018 procedure.
Dwyer says he confided these things in Ed Reardon, a diet center owner who is a personal friend, trainer, nutritional coach and “life coach” for Dwyer. Reardon says he believed Dwyer had over-trained for a year and a half leading up to the Rio Olympics in 2016, and recommended treatment from a Dr. Dana Russo. Reardon had felt symptoms similar to Dwyer’s in the past, and had received treatment from Russo.
The procedure involves inserting small pellets – about the size of a grain of rice – under the skin in a person’s hip area.
Dwyer says he trusted Reardon to make sure he didn’t take any prohibited substances, but the decision document says Reardon’s process for determining whether a supplement was banned was a simple Google search. Reardon asked Russo to look into whether the pellets were banned, and Reardon says someone with the USOPC (U.S. Olympic and Paralympic Committee) told her the pellets were allowable.
Dwyer requested that the suspension be reduced to 16 months or less, which would have allowed him to return to competition just in time for the 2020 U.S. Olympic Trials next June. USADA sought a 4-year suspension. The panel did reduce his suspension down to 20 months, but that will still keep Dwyer out of competition through the end of next summer.
Update: Dwyer just announced his retirement via social media:
— Conor Dwyer (@conorjdwyer) October 11, 2019