A Look At The USA’s Unofficial Short Course Meters Junior National Records

The United States of America is not known to host many meets in short course meters and tends to restrict its competition to short course yards or long course meters. This is in contrast to most other leading nations in the sport including Australia, China, Russia, Great Britain, and Canada, whose short course meets run almost exclusively in meters.

The main reason for the USA’s use of short course yards is the fact that the collegiate system in the country, the NCAA, is run in short course yards and much of the country’s aquatics infrastructure reflects that. As a result of the short course yards dominance in the USA, the nation does not keep track of national age group record in short course meters.

While USA Swimming extensively tracks and publishes national age group and senior records in SCY and LCM, there is no single source that tells us the fastest swims by 18 & under swimmers in short course meters.

The introduction of the International Swimming League, which runs in short course meters, has brought with it an overhaul of the senior American records as 24 of the 46 SCM American records have been broken at ISL meets over the last three years. While not many American juniors are racing in the league, a contingent of 18 & Unders are currently overseas racing at the 2021 FINA World Cup Series stops in Berlin and Budapest.

Seeing some of the fastest American juniors racing against some of the world’s fastest swimmers inspired us to dive into the databases and compile a list of ‘unofficial 18&U USA Short Course Meters Records.’ The records can be found below and are by no means official USA Swimming records, but are what we believe to be the fastest times swum by an American man and woman aged 18 & under in each event.

We compiled these ‘records’ using the FINA world rankings and USA Swimming rankings. Please let us know if you have reason to believe that any of the records shown are incorrect.

Unofficial 18&U USA Short Course Meters Records – Men

EVENT SWIMMER TIME AGE YEAR COMPETITION
50 freestyle Anthony Ervin 21.21 2000 18 2000 NCAA Division I Championships
100 freestyle Andrew Seliskar 47.61 2014 18 Ontario Junior International 2014
200 freestyle Kieran Smith 1:43.30 2018 18 2018 FINA World Swimming Championships
400 freestyle Andrew Abruzzo 3:44.17 2017 18 FINA/airweave Swimming World Cup 2017
800 freestyle Sean Ryan 7:47.50 2010 18 2010 FINA World Swimming Championships
1500 freestyle Sean Ryan 14:46.38 2010 18 2010 FINA World Swimming Championships
50 backstroke Michael Taylor 23.84 2016 17 2016 FINA World Swimming Championships
100 backstroke Ryan Murphy 50.91 2012 17 2012 FINA World Swimming Championships
200 backstroke Ryan Murphy 1:48.86 2012 17 2012 FINA World Swimming Championships
50 breaststroke Michael Andrew 26.39 2016 17 2016 FINA World Swimming Championships
100 breaststroke Michael Andrew 58.07 2017 18 FINA/airweave Swimming World Cup 2017
200 breaststroke Andrew Seliskar 2:05.59 2014 18 Ontario Junior International 2014
50 butterfly Michael Andrew 22.87 2017 18 FINA/airweave Swimming World Cup 2017
100 butterfly Michael Phelps 51.11 2003 18 FINA Swimming World Cup
200 butterfly Andrew Seliskar 1:51.96 2014 18 Ontario Junior International 2014
100 IM Michael Andrew 51.65 2017 18 FINA/airweave Swimming World Cup 2017
200 IM Andrew Seliskar 1:54.56 2014 18 Ontario Junior International 2014
400 IM Michael Phelps 4:06.28 2003 18 FINA Swimming World Cup

Unofficial 18&U USA Short Course Meters Record – Women

EVENT SWIMMER TIME AGE YEAR COMPETITION
50 freestyle Abbey Weitzeil 24.23 18 2014 2014 FINA World Swimming Championships
100 freestyle Missy Franklin 52.09 16 2011 FINA/Arena Swimming World Cup 2011
200 freestyle Missy Franklin 1:53.19 16 2011 Duel in the Pool 2011
400 freestyle Chloe Sutton 4:00.05 18 2010 2010 FINA World Swimming Championships
800 freestyle Kate Ziegler 8:12.19 17 2006 FINA Swimming World Cup
1500 freestyle Kalyn Keller 15:49.14 18 2004 2004 NCAA Division I Championships
50 backstroke Olivia Smoliga 26.13 18 2012 2012 FINA World Swimming Championships
100 backstroke Regan Smith 56.33 15 2017 FINA/airweave Swimming World Cup 2017
200 backstroke Missy Franklin 2:00.03 16 2011 FINA/Arena Swimming World Cup 2011
50 breaststroke Lilly King 30.13 17 2014 FINA/MASTBANK Swimming World Cup 2014
100 breaststroke Lilly King 1:06.32 17 2014 FINA/MASTBANK Swimming World Cup 2014
200 breaststroke Andrea Kropp 2:21.31 18 2011 FINA/Arena Swimming World Cup 2011
50 butterfly Regan Smith 26.12 15 2017 FINA/airweave Swimming World Cup 2017
100 butterfly Regan Smith 57.14 15 2017 FINA/airweave Swimming World Cup 2017
200 butterfly Tess Howley 2:06.09 16 2021 FINA World Cup 2021
100 IM Alex Walsh 58.76 16 2017 FINA/airweave Swimming World Cup 2017
200 IM Alex Walsh 2:06.14 16 2017 FINA/airweave Swimming World Cup 2017
400 IM Brooke Forde 4:29.66 17 2016 FINA/airweave Swimming World Cup 2016

You’ll note that the most recent record on either list is Tess Howley‘s 2:06.09 200 butterfly. Howley swam that time on Oct. 1, 2021, to win gold at the Berlin FINA World Cup meet to take out Mary Mohler‘s (née DeScenza)’s former unofficial USA junior national record of 2:06.17, which she set at the 2002 FINA World Swimming Championships. Not only did Howley swim under Descenza’s former mark, but fellow USA junior Charlotte Hook also swam under the time with her 2:06.15 for second place.

The two were joined on the podium by Katja Fain, who delivered a 2:07.04 Slovenian record.

Joining Howley as unofficial SCM American junior record holders are a number of the country’s most successful swimmers in history such as Michael Phelps, Missy Franklin, and Anthony Ervin, as well as current national teamers and 2020 Olympians Lilly King, Ryan Murphy, Kieran Smith, Olivia Smoliga, and Regan Smith, and Michael Andrew.

Perhaps one of the more notable distinctions is Andrew Seliskar‘s quadruple appearance on the record board in four different strokes. Back in 2014, Seliskar raced at Ontario Junior International in Toronto, Canada, and likely unbeknownst to him became the fastest American junior in the 100 freestyle, 200 breaststroke, 200 butterfly, and 200 IM.

Collegiate swimmers got a unique chance in both 2000 and 2004 when the NCAA Championships were conducted in short course meters as part of Olympic preparations. Two of our unofficial records hail from those meets: Anthony Ervin‘s 50 freestyle from 2000 and Kalyn Keller Robinson‘s 1500 freestyle from 2004.

Ervin’s mark of 21.21 was actually a new world record in the event at the time. Heading into the meet, Mark Foster held the record at a 21.31 which Roland Schoeman equaled at 2000 NCAAs, and Ervin lowered with his 21.21. Ervin’s world record stood for a little under a year — Foster took it back with a 21.13 in January 2001.

The other unofficial American junior record which was a world record at the time is Missy Franklin‘s 2:00.03 from back in 2011. Franklin swam that time at a FINA World Cup 10 years ago to become the world’s fastest swimmer in the history of the event. While her WR has been broken by Katinka Hosszu (1:59.23, 2014) and Kaylee McKeown (1:58.94, 2020) since then, Franklin’s time still stands as the official senior American record to this day.

As the American juniors continue to race in Europe, we’ll be sure to keep track of these unofficial records and provide updates should any more be broken. Here are a few swims that came close to doing so already on day 1:

  • Cavan Gormsen produced a 4:01.77 for second place in the women’s 400 freestyle final, which got her close to Chloe Sutton‘s mark of 4:00.05 from the 2010 FINA World Short Course Swimming Championships.
  • Notching a 4th place finish in the men’s 100 breast, Zhier Fan swam a 58.12 to just miss Michael Andrew‘s 58.07 from 2017.
  • Quintin McCarty got under 22 seconds in the 50 freestyle with a 21.68 for 7th, roughly half a second off Anthony Ervin‘s 21.21 former world record from 2000.

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CasualSwimmer
2 months ago

NCAA should definitly try the SCM again, really puts the SCM in more spotlight in the US and gives more meaning to the times in short course overall (it’s pretty hard to compare SCY times with SCM, and many US swimmers snob the SCM World Champs..)

Last edited 2 months ago by CasualSwimmer
2Fat4Speed
Reply to  CasualSwimmer
2 months ago

If NCAA did SCM again I bet over half of these get broken. There are just so many top American swimmers that never taper for a SCM meet before 19.

Khachaturian
Reply to  CasualSwimmer
2 months ago

they should just switch to scm overall, having yards while everyone else swims in meters is weird

Ragnar
Reply to  Khachaturian
2 months ago

That’d make nearly every high school pool unraceable, and it’s hard enough to get the funding to keep high school teams going as it is, at least in non Florida/Texas/Cali schools

Monteswim
Reply to  CasualSwimmer
2 months ago

Sink or Swim!

Just give the trophy to the condors already
2 months ago

Ervin !!!!

Drewbrewsbeer

And Phelps!

Mike
2 months ago

Didn’t Seliskar swam a 4:03 or something similar at a meet in Canada?

There's no doubt that he's tightening up
2 months ago

The men’s 100 fly SCM junior record is slower than the LCM junior record (Michael Phelps was 51.10 at the 2003 Worlds).

Also Ervin what a king.

N P

But that’s really because Phelps’s long course NAG is insane, not because the SCM one is particularly sluggish.

jeff

Women’s 400/800/1500 too, Ledecky’s LCM WJR in those events are faster than the SCM times listed

Also Jacoby’s 100 LCM PB is faster than the new SCM US junior record that she just set

Last edited 2 months ago by jeff
Deepblue
2 months ago

Alex Walsh went 58.7 as a 16 year old in the 100IM?!

Swimmer
2 months ago

Is that Alexa merz 50 free correct?! Looks like she didn’t break 23 in yards… and isn’t they only just off the current American record?

Swimmer
Reply to  Swimmer
2 months ago

Same for Laura Hotaling… yards times maybe?

flex tape cant fix that
2 months ago

looks like jacoby just broke the 100 br record

Just give the trophy to the condors already
2 months ago

NCAA in SCM why not? If ISL proves to be a sustainable league for swimming in the years to come , Switching NCAA in SCM will facilitate athlete’s transition when they go pro.