Para Classification Chaos: New System Only Renews Past Woes

Over the past few weeks, news of para swimming athlete reclassifications have been flowing in.

That, however, was expected. In late 2017, World Para Swimming announced that it would implement a new classification process, effective January 1, 2018 – all athletes are required to undergo a new classification test in 2018 (with the exception of a few special cases, which can be found here).

What is newsworthy here is that the new process appears already to be failing, as well as highlighting the incorrect classifications of prominent para swimmers that World Para Swimming and the International Paralympic Committee have defended for years.

Para swimmers are classified into various categories to even the playing field within each race. Each swimmer is classified as having either a physical, visual, or intellectual impairment, and undergoes physical, technical in-sport, and technical in-competition assessments to reach a proper classification. Para swimming has been marred in recent years by cases of intentional misrepresentation (IM). This is when an athlete intentionally makes their impairment seem more severe in order to be put into the wrong disability class.

This issue has gone largely unaddressed by top officials.

Thus, as we get word of a number of reclassifications, (to state the obvious) the implication is that many classifications were indeed wrong before 2018. This is not to say that this new system is a total fix; while some new classifications have held so far, a few athletes have been reclassified and then switched back to their old classification within days.

Seeking answers to what is naturally driving questions from our staff and readers alike, SwimSwam reached out to USOC Paralympic Communications Press Officer Olivia Truby, who said, “The classification process for athletes is a confidential process.” Additionally, US para swimmers have reportedly been instructed not to communicate with media.

Another wrench in the books, is that with virtually every para-swimmer in the world being kicked back to the review process, many World Record-clearing swims aren’t being ratified. This was highlighted today when newly-reclassed British Swimmer Alice Thai broke the World Record in the S8 100 free. Her mother, on Twitter, questioned it, saying  that Lakeisha Patterson was faster at the Commonwealth Games. But, because Patterson’s class wasn’t confirmed within the allowable time period (which appears to be 6 weeks), that record won’t show up on the books.

It seems that this will again be a problem with Daniel Dias’ 50 free World Record-time that was clocked on Friday in Sheffield. It doesn’t appear as though he’s yet had his classification review, and he’s not on the schedule for the upcoming para-meet in Berlin, and it’s not clear where else he could be classified in the next 6 weeks.

Given how little transparency the sport is allowing and what little information we have, here’s the major news we can confirm so far (the WPS master list is yet to be updated, but results from the 2018 British Para Swimming International meet confirm a handful of swimmers):

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2 years ago

Whole thing is just too ridiculous for words.

2 years ago

GBs Alice Tai S10 – S8 v Oliver Hynd S8 – S9 is an all round head scratcher, Kearneys S7 – S5 is just whacko & the UKR male S10s remaining classifiable is interesting. Other than that it was ‘looking’ reasonable. The ratification of WRs to swimmers who only have a confirmed or review with fixed date status is sensible & that explains why the records set by Patterson in 2018 haven’t been ratified. However, how someone who is under ‘observation’ during the meet can set a WR is a bit of a wrinkle so this could be more of an afterthought rather than an attempt at putting the brakes on or any cleverness on the IPCs part. Swimmers setting… Read more »

2 years ago

The biggest one that flew under the radar is Becca Meyers went from a 13 to 12 last week in Italy. Ahalya Lettenberg went from an 8 to 7 ar an earlier meet Elizabeth Marks in Copenhagen stayed an 8 but she had a foot amputation last summer so in theory she should have gotten moved down. There are tons more, several Chinese got moved up in Indianapolis but no one noticed. At the first World Cup in Copenhagen I did a quick count and 21/65 had their class changed. Some up some down. I actually have given up if you rely on humans to evaluate your place in the swimming world you are doomed to fail….just race yourself

About Torrey Hart

Torrey Hart

Torrey is from Oakland, CA, and majored in media studies and American studies at Claremont McKenna College, where she swam distance freestyle for the Claremont-Mudd-Scripps team. Outside of SwimSwam, she has bylines at Sports Illustrated, Yahoo Sports, SB Nation, and The Student Life newspaper.

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