5 Distance Sets for Building Swim Endurance

Build endurance with these distance swimming workouts from some of the best distance swimmers and coaches on the planet.

Distance swimmers are a special breed.

The life of the chlorinated distance athlete typically entails swimming more meters and yards in a week than most people drive, discovering creative new ways to count reps, and the ability to tell you exactly how many tiles there are at the bottom of the pool.

Here is a collection of some of my favorite distance swim workouts that I have collected over the years from some of the top swimmers and swim coaches on the planet.

To the distance stuff!

Gregg Troy’s Split Buster Distance Set

Gregg Troy’s name is synonymous with bigger-yardage training. Troy, a longtime coach at the University of Florida, has produced a roster of middle-distance titans, including Olympic medalists Ryan Lochte and Elizabeth Beisel.

Contemporary swim fans may best recognize him as sprint king Caeleb Dressel’s coach, but Troy’s approach to building swimmers has long been rooted in banking the yards.

One of his favorite distance sets is a highly customizable descending speed and effort set that requires you to be Johnny-on-the-Spot with catching your splits.

Here is the set, which has intervals that vary according to the swimmer. The last round of 100(s) are also tailored to the athlete. Troy has had some swimmers do a 400m IM fast instead of the 100 at the end.

Let’s go:

3 to 5 rounds:

  • 500 (note your split at the 400)
  • 400, swum faster than the 400 from above (note your split at the 300)
  • 300, swum faster than the 300 from above (note your split at the 200)
  • 200, swum faster than the 200 from above (note your split at the 100)
  • 1-5×100, swum faster than the 100 from above

Janet Evans Pyramid IM Workout

Before Katie Ledecky ascended in 2012 and 2013, Janet Evans was the primo American distance swimmer in history.

At the 1988 Seoul Olympics, Evans crushed the vaunted East Germans on her way to gold in the 400m IM, 400m freestyle, and the 800m freestyle. Evans had an unyielding appetite for hard work at the pool, with her coach Bud McAllister noting that her mindset towards practice was her big competitive advantage.

“The most important thing is her attitude toward training,” he said.

The following distance IM set that Evans performed was a distance workout that McAllister sent over. The set follows a pyramid scheme, with the interval quickening on the way down. (The way up isn’t a piece of cake either—starting off at 2:45/200m.)

Here is the distance set:

  • 200 IM @ 2:45
  • 400 IM @ 5:30
  • 800 IM @ 11:00
  • 600 IM @ 7:45
  • 400 IM @ 5:10
  • 200 IM @ 2:35

Kieren Perkins’ 30×100 Race Pace + Set

Every Wednesday morning, Australian distance king Kieren Perkins would do 30×100 freestyle long course @1:30.

Unlike traditional distance workouts that are heavy on straight yardage, this set was designed to be swum faster than race pace. The distance workout, according to Perkins, placed “athletes into a race pace stress environment to see how they reacted and responded to it.” The theory was that if you wanted to swim a sub-15-minute mile, “you needed to be able to swim fast.”

Seems reasonable!

Perkins held :57-:58s during the set to help prepare him for being able to hold a sub-minute pace, which he would do more than a few times, breaking the world record in the mile at the 1994 Commonwealth Games (14:41.66) and winning back-to-back 1500m freestyle Olympic gold medals in 1992 and 1996 (plus a silver in 2000).

  • 30×100 freestyle @1:30

Set notes: Swum faster than race pace. Long course meters.

Sharpening the Horns: Eddie Reese’s Aerobic Set

Eddie Reese is the most successful collegiate swim coach in history, with 14 NCAA team titles. Countless Olympic gold medalists have rolled through his program, including Aaron Piersol, Joe Schooling, Ricky Berens, Ian Crocker, and more.

In terms of straight-up conditioning, Reese has a couple favorite sets, including this descending distance set that tightens up the intervals on the second round through. Reese’s swimmers performed the set in short course yards.

2 times through:

  • 5×100 free @1:10 (Round 2: @1:00)
  • 4×200 free swim @2:10 (Round 2: @2:00)
  • 3×300 free swim @3:10 (Round 2: @3:00)
  • 2×400 free swim @4:10 (Round 2: @4:00)
  • 1×500 free swim @5:10 (Round 2: @5:00)

Set notes: Two minutes additional rest between rounds. Short course yards.

Katie Ledecky’s Engine-Building 200s

At 2,400 yards, this might not look like a traditional distance swimming workout, but it was one of the key sets that American distance and middle distance legend Katie Ledecky did to give her endurance and speed as she trained for the Rio Olympics.

At those Games, Ledecky would perform a rare triple, winning the 200, 400, and 800m freestyles. Her coach at the time, Bruce Gemmell, posted the following set (that Ledecky swam in June of 2016), at an ASCA conference a couple of months post-Rio.

  • 8×200 free swim @2:20 (Ledecky averaged 1:49s)
  • 8×100 free swim @1:20 (Ledecky averaged :52s)

When Gemmell was asked about the secret sauce that made Ledecky so successful, his answer was simple:

“Just do the damn work.”

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3 months ago

Once a week my coach makes us do:
30×[email protected]:45
1 swim(Cruise-1:20 pace)
1 800-1500 Pace
1 90-100%

To Start The Week We Also Do:

4×300 Swim @4:30( I Hold 3:50-4:00)
2×100 Fr Neg Split(Aim PB + 6-10)
4×50 400m pace
4×100 Form Neg Split
8×50 200 Pace

Aussie Crawl
2 years ago

What about this set.
100 on 1:30
200 on 2:30
300 on 3:30
400 on 4:30
500 on 6:30
600 on 6:30
700 on 7:30
800 on 8:30
900 on 9:30
1000 on 10:30
All LCM !!!

Aussie Crawl
2 years ago

Come on peoples
LCM sets please.
SCY doesn’t count in the real world.

Reply to  Aussie Crawl
2 years ago

3/5 of the workouts are LCM.

Aussie Crawl
2 years ago

Swimming imperial yardages doesn’t count at all. Most of it is the “fifth stoke”
Old mate. 🙂

Sean Justice
2 years ago

I have done that 30×100 set it is really tough. Another one that I think came from the land down under in the 90s
all 100s on @1:40
2×100 ez
4×100 hard
2×100 ez
3×100 hard
2×100 ez
2×100 hard
2×100 ez
1×100 hard
1×100 ez
1×100 hard
1×100 ez
2×100 hard
1×100 ez
3×100 hard
1×100 ez
4×100 hard

Same concept of swimming faster than 1500 pace.

The Beard
2 years ago

Enjoy that Eddie Reese set as a swimmer and as a coach. The Fishburn!

Sean Justice
Reply to  The Beard
2 years ago

Nesty had us do a test that is somewhat similar

3×100 (1:10, 1:05, 1:00)
3×200 (2:10, 2:05, 2:00)
3×300 (3:10, 3:05, 3:00)
3×400 (4:10, 4:05, 4:00)
3×500 (5:10, 5:05, 5:00)

Reply to  The Beard
2 years ago

Set came from Michigan. Pre-Urbanchek. Gus Stager era.

2 years ago

The Janet Evan’s set is a nightmare we do far too often

Reply to  Erica.Sully
2 years ago

A 400m IM on 5:10 no thank you

About Olivier Poirier-Leroy

Olivier Poirier-Leroy

Olivier Poirier-Leroy has been involved in competitive swimming for most of his life. Starting off at the age of 6 he was thrown in the water at the local pool for swim lessons and since then has never wanted to get out. A nationally top ranked age grouper as both a …

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