NFHS Releases 2021-2022 High School Sports Participation Survey

by Sidney Zacharias 2

September 16th, 2022 High School, News

The National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) has released the results of its 2021-2022 High School Sports Participation Survey. This is the first participation report since 2018-2019, as data was not compiled the previous two years due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 

The NFHS reported 7,618,054 total participants, down 4% from the 2018-2019 survey. The only sport in the boys’ top 10 most popular sports to see an increase was golf, which increased almost 4%. On the girls side, volleyball was the only top 10 sport to see an improvement, registering a 4.6% increase. 


Schools Participants
1. Basketball- 18,428 1. Football (11-Player)- 973, 792
2. Track and Field (outdoor)- 17, 070 2. Track and Field (Outdoor)- 569,262
3. Baseball- 15,925 3. Basketball- 521,616
4. Cross Country- 15, 4. Baseball- 481,004
5. Football (11-Player)- 13,733 5. Soccer- 436,465
6. Golf- 13,631 6. Wrestling- 231,874
7. Soccer- 12,539 7. Cross Country- 231,387
8. Wrestling- 10,797 8. Golf- 148,585
9. Tennis- 9,632 9. Tennis- 145,858
10. Swimming and Diving- 7,831 10. Swimming and Diving- 123,208


Schools Participants
1. Basketball- 17,901 1. Track and Field (Outdoor)- 456,697
2. Track and Field (Outdoor)- 17,028 2. Volleyball- 454,153
3. Volleyball- 16,532 3. Soccer- 374,773
4. Softball (Fast Pitch)- 15,454 4. Basketball- 370,466
5. Cross Country- 15,448 5. Softball (Fast Pitch)- 340,923
6. Soccer- 12,071 6. Cross Country- 191,323
7. Golf- 10,580 7. Tennis- 176,185
8. Tennis- 9,987 8. Swimming and Diving- 149,751
9. Swimming and Diving- 8,079 9. Competitive Spirit- 140,552
10. Competitive Spirit- 7,236 10. Lacrosse- 96,762

“Given what has occurred in our country the past three years, we believe a decline of only four percent in participation totals from 2018-19 is pretty remarkable,” said Dr. Karissa Niehoff, CEO of the NFHS. “We know some states that were able to complete surveys in 2020-21 reported participation increases this past year. So, we are very optimistic that trend will continue in the years to come as schools fully recover from the effects of the 2020 shutdown.”

Overall, swimming and diving participation fell by about 11.87%. Girls recorded a 13% decrease, though it remains the 8th most popular girls sport. Boys also maintained their 10th place position in popularity, but still recorded a decrease of 9.8%. This continues, but amplifies, the trend from 2018-2019, where combined swimming participation fell by 1.52%.

The number of schools offering swimming and diving programs remained relatively stable, and actually increased slightly. The number of boys programs increased by 1.65%, while the number of girls programs increased by 0.9%. 


2015-2016 300,217 -1.02%
2016-2017 309,161 2.98%
2017-2018 314,529 1.74
2018-2019 309,726 -1.52%
2021-2022 272,959 -11.87%


2015-2016 133,470 -2.64
2016-2017 138,364 3.67%
2017-2018 138,935 0.41%
2018-2019 136,638 -1.65
2021-2022 123,208 -9.80%


2015-2016 166,747 -0.05%
2016-2017 170,797 2.43%
2017-2018 175,594 2.81%
2018-2019 173,088 -1.43%
2021-2022 149,751 -13.48%

Swimming and diving was not the only sport to see declines like these–cross country recorded a decline of 13% for girls and 14% for boys. Wrestling also saw a significant change, dropping 6% in participation. Even 11-player football, the most popular high school sport in the country, registered a decline of 3%. 

Track and field remained the most popular sport for girls, however, the trend of volleyball increasing and track decreasing could change that in the next few years. Soccer also moved ahead of basketball for 3rd place, but both declined in participation. 

On the boys side, track and field suffered a loss of almost 6% but was able to maintain their 2nd place position in popularity. Basketball shares a similar trend–they maintained their 3rd place position, but still lost about 3.5% of its participants. 

Overall, it appears the trend is that “traditional” sports, such as the ones in the top 10, are seeing the largest decline. However, “emerging” sports, like beach volleyball and girls flag football, are gaining traction in many parts of the country and continue to see exponential increases in participation. For example, beach volleyball gained over 4,000 participants in the last three years (about a 190% increase). 

Unified Sports saw a dramatic increase in participation, rising from 5,541 participants in 2018-2019 to 55,598 participants this past year. Unified Sports includes teams where there is a combination of participants with and without intellectual disabilities. 

The full data report has not yet been released, but a partial version can be found here.

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2 months ago

Our private Catholic school only has about 170 high school boys, yet we have 15% of them in swimming. North Texas seems to continue to be strong in swimming, girls or boys.

cynthia curran
2 months ago

I remember about 6 to 7 years ago Swim swam mention that Orange County California lost some kids doing USA swimming. Maybe, its the beach volleyball stuff