Born on February 14, 1980 Nichoals Santos is a veteran sprint specialist originally from São Paulo, Brazil. Santos has a rich history of international swimming, which includes being a former South American Record Holder, Americas Record Holder and World Record Holder. As a primary 50 butterfly swimmer Santos also has the versatility to be competitive in the 100 and 50 freestyle events.
In the very beginning of his career Santos was primarily a sprint freestyle specialist. He qualified for the 2001 World Championships, and finished 30th in the 50-meter free, later that year broke the Short Course South American Record in the 50-meter fly. Over the next three years Santos competed at a variety of international meets including the World Championships and the Pan Pacific Championships, with his best finish coming in the 100-meter free at the 2004 World Championships. In 2004 Santos broke the South American Record in the 50-meter free, coming close to the World Record at that time.
In 2007 Santos had just come off a successful season with a 10th place finish in the 50-meter free at the Pan Pacific Championships. He started off the year by competing at the 2007 Pan American Games, where he won as a member of the 4×100-meter freestyle relay which set a new Pan American Record. He also pulled off winning a silver medal in the 50-meter free. At the 2007 Summer Universiade Santos picked up a silver in the 50-meter fly and a gold in the 50-meter free, which he set a new Meet Record.
2008 Beijing Olympics
Santos qualified for his first Olympic Games in 2008, which were held in Beijing. He only swam the 50-meter free, and advanced to the semi-finals of the event and finished in 16th place overall.
In 2009 Santos had a huge breakout season, breaking the South American Record as a member of the 4×100-meter free relay and the Americas Record in the 50-meter fly. At the 2009 World Championships in Rome he finished 5th place overall in the 50-meter fly, and reached the semi-finals of the 50-meter free but didn’t advance to the championship final after finishing 10th.
At the 2009 FINA World Cup Santos ended up beating the Olympic champion in the finals of the 50-meter fly and free, and broke the South American Record in both events during the World Cup. In November of that year Santos also became the first South American to swim the 50-meter short course free under 21 seconds.
2010 World Championships in Dubai
At the 2010 World Championships in Dubai Santos was a member of the team that broke the South American Record in the 4×100-meter free relay. He also finished 4th in the 50-meter fly and 13th in the 50-meter free.
2012 London Olympics
Santos qualified for his second Olympic Games in 2012 with preparations to be a relay-only swimmer this time around. He was a member of the 4×100-meter free relay that came in 4th overall.
2013 World Championships
At the 2013 World Championships in Barcelona Santos qualified 1st out of the semi-finals of the 50-meter fly. But in the final, Santos added time and then finished in 4th place, missing out on a medal. In the 4×100-meter medley relay Brazil finished 12th overall. At the World Cup in Beijing later in the year Santos broke the South American Record in the 50-meter fly.
2014 World Championships
At the 2014 World Championships, which were held in Doha, picked up two golds to start the meet off. He swam a leg of the 4×50-meter medley relay, consolidated of only medalists or world champions, which took gold and broke the World Record. That same day he also won a gold in the 4×50-meter mixed medley relay, this time breaking a South American Record. He also had the 50-meter fly, an event which he had won back in 2012. Facing Chad le Cos, Santos broke the Americas Record, but lost to le Clos resulting in a silver medal.
2015 World Championships
At 35 years old Santos is recognized as one of the most experienced swimmers in his field. Proving he can still swim the best at his age, Santos won a silver medal in the 50-meter fly, losing out on gold by just .12 seconds at the 2015 World Championships. His finish earned him the title of the oldest medalist in the World Championships.
2017 World Championships
Two years later, Santos was again at the World Championships and again won silver in the 50 meter butterfly. He finished in 22.79 and was even closer to securing gold that in 2015. He was 0.04 behind Great Britain’s Ben Proud. That time matched his best time from 2012 at the Maria Lenk Trophy. At 37-years-old the South American record holder became the oldest-ever swimmer to win a world championships medal.