FINA Conducted 1,667 Doping Tests in 2014, Including the One That Caught Park

FINA, the world’s governing body for 6 aquatic sports disciplines, collected 1,667 doping samples in the year 2014, according to figures released on Monday.

Of those samples, 894 were “Unannounced Out-of-Competition,” while 773 were “In Competition”. These tests are in addition to those conducted by other organizations with anti-doping rules, including national Anti-Doping organizations, and the NCAA.

Among the heavy-hitters who were subject to FINA tests this year were Americans Ryan Lochte and Michael Phelps, who each underwent 4 tests. They were both topped by Katie Ledecky, who was tested 5 times.

The only swimmer in the Americas tested by FINA more than 5 times out-of-competition last season was Brazilian Cesar Cielo, who was subject to 6 sample collections throughout the year.

Others tested 5 or more times:

  • Ous Mellouli, Tunisia
  • Kosuke Hagino, Japan
  • Rie Kaneto, Japan
  • Takeshi Matsuda, Japan (6)
  • Park Tae-Hwan, South Korea (6)
  • Rikke Pedersen, Denmark
  • Yannick Agnel, France
  • Gregorio Paltrinieri, Italy (6)
  • Mireia Belmonte, Spain (6)
  • Jennifer Pareja Lisalde, Spain (water polo)
  • Cate Campbell, Australia
  • James Magnussen, Australia

Of the most interesting notes, the highest-profile doping case of late was that of South Korea’s Park Tae-Hwan, whose September 3rd positive sample was a FINA-conducted test. That was the 5th of his 6 tests. World Record holder Sun Yang, who also tested positive for a banned substance in 2014, was tested only three times by FINA, and that did not include the sample that ultimately earned him a three-month suspension.

Russian Yulia Efimova, despite being suspended for the entire year, was subject to two out-of-competition tests at the hands of FINA: once in June and once in November. Both tests came after her suspension was announced in May.

The United States led the way with the most testing missions (92), followed by Japan (72), China (66), and Spain (63).

FINA conducted by-far the majority of its testing on swimmers.


Unannounced Out-of-Competition In Competition
by country pdf by country pdf
Africa 26 pdf 20 pdf
Americas 165 pdf 191 pdf
Asia 146 pdf 126 pdf
Europe 445 pdf 396 pdf
Oceania 112 pdf 40 pdf
Total 894 773


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I’m interested to know the result of Parks 6th test. If he tested positive in his 5th test, was it still in his system for the 6th?

French Stewart

Just because Ledecky’s an American doesn’t earn her a free pass.

Jim C

Did anyone suggest that Ledecky should get a free pass for being an American or for any other reason?


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Braden Keith

Braden Keith is the Editor-in-Chief and a co-founder of He first got his feet wet by building The Swimmers' Circle beginning in January 2010, and now comes to SwimSwam to use that experience and help build a new leader in the sport of swimming. Aside from his life on the InterWet, …

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