FINA, the world’s governing body for 6 aquatic sports disciplines, collected 1,667 doping samples in the year 2014, according to figures released on Monday.
Of those samples, 894 were “Unannounced Out-of-Competition,” while 773 were “In Competition”. These tests are in addition to those conducted by other organizations with anti-doping rules, including national Anti-Doping organizations, and the NCAA.
Among the heavy-hitters who were subject to FINA tests this year were Americans Ryan Lochte and Michael Phelps, who each underwent 4 tests. They were both topped by Katie Ledecky, who was tested 5 times.
The only swimmer in the Americas tested by FINA more than 5 times out-of-competition last season was Brazilian Cesar Cielo, who was subject to 6 sample collections throughout the year.
Others tested 5 or more times:
- Ous Mellouli, Tunisia
- Kosuke Hagino, Japan
- Rie Kaneto, Japan
- Takeshi Matsuda, Japan (6)
- Park Tae-Hwan, South Korea (6)
- Rikke Pedersen, Denmark
- Yannick Agnel, France
- Gregorio Paltrinieri, Italy (6)
- Mireia Belmonte, Spain (6)
- Jennifer Pareja Lisalde, Spain (water polo)
- Cate Campbell, Australia
- James Magnussen, Australia
Of the most interesting notes, the highest-profile doping case of late was that of South Korea’s Park Tae-Hwan, whose September 3rd positive sample was a FINA-conducted test. That was the 5th of his 6 tests. World Record holder Sun Yang, who also tested positive for a banned substance in 2014, was tested only three times by FINA, and that did not include the sample that ultimately earned him a three-month suspension.
Russian Yulia Efimova, despite being suspended for the entire year, was subject to two out-of-competition tests at the hands of FINA: once in June and once in November. Both tests came after her suspension was announced in May.
The United States led the way with the most testing missions (92), followed by Japan (72), China (66), and Spain (63).
FINA conducted by-far the majority of its testing on swimmers.
|Unannounced Out-of-Competition||In Competition|
|by country||by country|